Cardiology is a branch of medicine that studies heart disorders, blood vessels and some parts of the circulatory system. Doctors who specialize in this field are called cardiologists. They are involved in the testing, diagnosis, treatment of heart diseases. They also perform heart procedures such as angioplasty, insertion of a pacemaker, transplants when necessary. Australia boasts of several reputed doctors, especially cardiologists in Sydney are well known.
Most people put off paying a visit to the doctor’s when they don’t feel well because they don’t want to inconvenience themselves and make an effort. But delaying a visit to the doctor’s can have serious repercussions, especially when it is related to heart diseases.
So, here is a list of all the times it is necessary to see a cardiologist.
- Chest pains
Chest pains are one of the major symptoms of heart-related problems. It could be a sign of reduced blood flow in blood vessels. In some cases, it could also be a sign of a heart attack, in which case the person needs immediate medical attention. So chest pains should not be taken lightly, and anyone experiencing chest pains should get in touch with the doctor. A visit to the cardiologist can help determine the reason for the pain. The doctor can also help in devising an appropriate treatment plan.
- High blood pressure
People with high blood pressure are more susceptible to problems such as heart diseases and strokes. High blood pressure causes the heart to pump harder to circulate blood all over the body, and as a result, increases the chance of a heart attack. It also damages arteries and blocks them, preventing blood flow. So, people with high blood pressure should consult a doctor to learn how to keep it under control.
People who have diabetes are more likely to develop heart diseases than people who do not have diabetes. Diabetes causes high blood glucose (sugar), which damages blood vessels and nerves that control the heart. Visiting a cardiologist can help devise a treatment plan to lower the risk of heart diseases caused by diabetes.
- High cholesterol
High cholesterol poses a greater risk of heart disease. High cholesterol can lead to cholesterol build up in arteries called plaque. This plaque causes the arteries to harden and narrow, thus obstructing blood flow to heart muscles. It can result in chest pains and heart attacks. To maintain and control cholesterol levels, it is necessary to follow a good diet approved by a physician.
- Family history of heart disease
Certain heart conditions can be inherited through genes. If a family has a history of heart diseases and share the same lifestyle, it increases the risk factor. Unhealthy lifestyle choices and diet can also increase the chances of heart disease in a person. A cardiologist can help assess the condition and propose ways to reduce the chances of heart diseases.
- History of smoking
People who smoke are likely to get heart diseases since the nicotine present in cigarettes are extremely harmful and damaging to the heart. Nicotine speeds up heart rate, increases blood pressure, reduces the amount of oxygen delivered to the heart. It also increases the likelihood of blood clots. A visit to a cardiologist can help in assessing the damage done and take preventive measures.
- Starting to exercise
Engaging in exercise all of a sudden after leading an inactive life can cause more problems than it cures. A cardiologist can check the heart for any underlying issues and see if it is feasible to start exercising.
A visit to any cardiologist in Sydney is necessary for people who have one or more of the conditions stated above. Get checked, stay fit!
Published By Pranesh Balaji