How Many Types of Diabetes Are There?

Introduction

Diabetes is a health condition where the body fails to produce the required amount of insulin, use the insulin produced in the body, or do both activities. So, when any of these complications happen, the body fails to get the necessary amount of sugar from the blood to the cells, leading to the rise in sugar levels in the body.

Sugar is found in the body’s form of glucose, which is our energy source. So, the failure to produce or use the produced insulin creates the rise of sugar in the body, leading to several health complications.

Types of Diabetes

To understand diabetes, let us first know about the types of diabetes.

  1. Type 1 diabetes – Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune medical condition where the immune system mistakenly destroys the beta cells in the pancreas. The pancreas creates insulin. The damage is irreversible. To date, it is not clear what prompts the attack. It may be a genetic condition or environmental changes.
  2. Type 2 diabetes – Type 2 diabetes starts with insulin resistance. This means the body cannot use the insulin produced by the pancreas. But the pancreas keeps producing insulin until it cannot meet the demand. So, as the production decreases, there is a spike in the blood sugar level. Some factors contributing to it are genetics, lifestyle, and higher weight.
  3. Gestational diabetes – This is a particular case that occurs in some women during pregnancy. During pregnancy, some insulin-blocking hormones start developing in the female body, decreasing insulin production and slowly stopping the entire insulin production, causing an increase in blood sugar. This diabetes is seen in women with a family history of diabetes or pre-diabetes, which may go away after delivery.

When considering type 1 vs type 2 diabetes, the primary reasons for type 1 are unknown, but there is an idea about why type 2 occurs in people. It is vital to have health check-ups done regularly to know about the blood sugar level.

Symptoms of diabetes

Generally, people ignore these symptoms of diabetes, considering them to be normal. But always watch out for these symptoms.

  • Frequent urination
  • Excessive hunger and thirst
  • Excessive fatigue
  • Frequent infections in gums
  • Skin infections
  • Vaginal infections
  • Blurred vision
  • Slow healing of wounds
  • Presence of ketones in the urine

Apart from these common symptoms, people suffering from type 1 develop symptoms like weight loss at a faster rate and develop a health condition called diabetic ketoacidosis. This occurs when the blood sugar is high and no insulin is in the body. Sometimes, Type1 diabetes is diagnosed later, even though the symptoms must have raised several red flags. This may lead to several health complications. So, it is always advisable that if any of the above symptoms continue for some time, consult a doctor.

The people who suffer from type 2 display discoloured patches in the armpits, neck, and skin folds. The symptoms develop slowly, and the symptoms increase during the diagnosis time. Although types of diabetes can happen at any age, type 1 vs type 2 diabetes is always to be remembered. Type 1 diabetes is generally seen in children and adults. Type 2 is seen in adults above 45, but with a more radical lifestyle change, and stress in daily lives, young adults also suffer from type 2 diabetes.

If the symptoms continue, one should consult a doctor and undergo the required tests. Once the reports have arrived, discuss them with your doctor for a further course of action.

Complications Linked to Diabetes

The complications of type 1 and type 2 diabetes arise with time if the blood sugar levels are not managed properly. Some severe health complications are as follows:

  • Infection or skin conditions
  • Vessel disease may lead to heart stroke.
  • Retinopathy
  • Neuropathy
  • Nephropathy
  • Surgical removal of a body part because of vascular disease or neuropathy
  • Risk of Alzheimer’s disease when suffering from type 2 diabetes

Managing a Good Health Lifestyle

People suffering from Type 1 has to live on insulin all their life as the damage to the pancreas is permanent. Different insulins are available for different stages, which the doctor would advise. One needs to check their blood sugars continuously and take necessary medications to manage cholesterol, high blood pressure, and other complications.

With proper diet, exercise, medications (if required), and regular consultations with the doctor, type 2 diabetes can be reversed. Along with it, one needs to check their cholesterol and blood pressure.

Conclusion

When the body fails to produce or utilise glucose, it creates high blood sugar levels leading to diabetes. People should take care of their health by following a healthy lifestyle and doing regular exercise People suffering from any of the three types of diabetes need to consult a doctor regularly and follow their advice. Unfortunately, the detection of diabetes can sometimes take time and may lead to certain complications. So, it is always advisable to conduct regular health check-ups.