Cancer treatment is a huge topic and it can be difficult to know where to start. In this article, you’ll learn about some of the different types of cancer treatments, such as chemotherapy, radiation therapy and more. Cancer is often a tricky word to say out loud, ebbing in and out of everyday consciousness. Today, you can take the next step towards prevention with some basic knowledge on what cancer is, what it does and how it’s usually treated.
What is Cancer?
Cancer is a disease that involves cells which continue to multiply and cause tumors, affecting one or more parts of the body. Cancer may also affect internal organs such as the brain, spine, and/or lungs. There are many different types of cancer and treatments vary depending on the type of cancer. Cancer is a type of disease that causes cells to grow out of control. There are many types of cancers, each with different symptoms and treatments. In general, cancer can be treated with surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or a combination of these treatments.
Types of Cancer
There are many different types of cancer, and the treatment for each one will be different. There are four main types of cancer: breast, colon, lung, and prostate. These can all be treated with surgery or radiation therapy. Cancers are diseases that originate and grow in different parts of the body, where they can cause damage to the tissue, organs, or systems of a person. There are many different types of cancers that can be recognized by certain symptoms or characteristics. When cancer is detected early, survival rates are much higher than those diagnosed with more advanced stages.
Radiation therapy is a type of treatment that uses high-energy rays or particles to target cancer cells and destroy them. The radiation can either come from x-rays, meaning the patient may have to be hospitalized for treatment, or from a machine outside the body called an interstitial beam which patients wear like a backpack. Since radiation therapy is administered in order to kill cancer cells it can leave healthy cells in the body damaged. This makes it crucial for patients to understand what side effects they should expect. Radiation therapy is one of the most common treatments for breast cancer. It can be delivered by external beams, radioactive sources, or treatment machines in different ways. Although radiation therapy has its advantages, it can also cause serious side effects such as skin reactions and hair loss.
Chemotherapy and Side Effects
Chemotherapy is a treatment option for cancer that kills cancer cells and shrinks tumors, according to the American Cancer Society. It can cause side effects such as nausea, vomiting, hair loss, weakness, and nerve damage. Chemotherapy uses high-dose chemotherapy drugs to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy can have upsetting side effects, such as fever from a dose of the drug, vomiting and diarrhea from a dose of the drug, and more. The side effects are often temporary but might include numbness, tingling, or coolness in the fingers and toes. If these symptoms last for more than 24 hours without improvement, talk with your oncologist about other options.
What to Expect During Cancer Treatment?
Cancer treatment is a long and complicated process. There are many things to be aware of while undergoing cancer treatment, including side effects, the support system you have around you, and how long it’ll take for you to recover.
Things to Know About Cancer Treatment
Cancer treatment can be difficult because there is no one-size-fits-all approach. Your doctor will prescribe a specific treatment plan for you and your individual needs. Before starting, you should be aware of the risk factors that contribute to your specific type of cancer and have an idea about what you will need to do after cancer treatment ends.